Le Corbusie

Only the small open window on a ceiling projects a solar beams on a floor which in turn serves as the projective screen. Ksenakis has learnt this lesson well and has applied its at creation of Diatopa, only instead of a sunlight on a floor Xenakis were projected a light flashes and laser beams. The crisis of the town-planning which has been especially sharply designated in the XX-th century, has led to origin of the new concepts offering various decision of the modern city problem. The great resonance what received by Le Corbusier’s and J.Xenakis’s ideas. 3. “radiant city” by Le Corbusie and “Vertical city” (“Cosmic city”) by I.Xenakis. Le Corbusier thought, that city is a symbol of struggle between the person and nature, a symbol of his victory over it. It is the man-made organism, called to protect the person and to create the conditions for his work. It is a result of human creativity, but this is not chaotic creativity and connected with mission of a city and environment. “The city is an instrument for work. Cities do not carry out their normal appointment any more. They become fruitless; they wear out a body and conflict with common sense. The growing anarchy of cities is offensive, their degeneration will continuously wound our vanity, touches our self-respect. Cities are not worthy of their epoch, they are not worthy of US”6. Understanding uniqueness and originality of this or that city, of its individual “profiles”, Corbusier has put forward the theory of “radiant city”, constructed on a linear principle. But it is significant that Corbusier’s poetic dream about rapprochement of the person with the nature has nothing common with sentimental idyll of a rural life. It is the rational decision of a town-planning problem, creation of the most effective environment for work and rest. Le Corbusier architecture shouldn’t supposed that obey the landscape, and landscape – the architecture.Acropolis hill doesn’t dictate to the architecture, but Parthenon.

1000 And One Night Of Puppets

Remember the song Makarevich? "Rabbits, tigers, wolves in a cage, they are all puppets in the hands of skilful and overworked" In Russia, from puppets largely remained just that song. Russian parsley is very few people interested, but on Sicily this old pastime has now become a kind of cult. Of course, ideas are already much smaller – Sicilian "petrushek" survived television and video games, but on those rare evenings when held view – in the theater going to the city The main leitmotif of all productions – is fighting the Saracen knight in shining armor with a sneaky Arabs. Nothing strange in this, because it is the Normans in the xi century drove the Arabs from the island, which at that time ruled the island neither more nor less than 200 years. Of the puppets are doing these knights – all the helmets, shields and armor always get off manually, and the medieval kings and their great surprise the couple crowned the beauty of a truly royal dresses. And as in Russia was the main favorite parsley, then in Sicily was a favorite hero of the narrative – the embodiment of generosity, selflessness and honor – Paladins have always differed and loyalty incredible courage. Certainly for the people who almost never pokladal sword because of the numerous rebellions against the invaders, became a hero at once the most beloved. Sicilians could not fail to inspire adventures of these romantic heroes. And so it appeared that most on there is a folk tradition, based on a poem written by Ariosto – 'Roland Furious' – it's incredibly long poem – 39,000 verses dedicated Palladino, telling about his life. Since the 39,000 verses can not be reduced to 10, the enterprising Sicilian puppeteers have made him a real series, which worked on the principle of "1000 and one nights", ie, every night during the year puppet show, every night presentation broke off in mid-sentence, and from that moment begins the next evening and the next day, Hall was again filled – the audience was anxious to see what will happen next All soap opera, or rather 'Opera dei Pupi lasted exactly 394 days. The audience, not breathing, with a sinking heart followed by 12 knights of Charlemagne, who valiantly fought against the Moors, witches and monsters, fall in love with the beautiful ladies, defended the weak and needy sometimes passions reached such an extent that some viewers literally jumped on stage to help the beloved hero.

Le Corbusier

On the contrary Xenakis considered that the rectangular constructions are less strong, natural and too “finished”, as distinct from S-curve structures which symbolize movement, infinity. By the time of the beginning of work on the project of pavilion Philips, I.Xenakis had already at original author’s hypothesis of music realization in space and in the form; what it a new musical formula of creative synthesis. By this time “Metastasis” what written by Xenakis-one of the most well-known orchestral works of the composer, with its notorious glissando of stringed instruments. There is the drawing of the Xenakis, where is pictured a plan of the movements melodic lines in this piece: their approaching, division, consolidation, exhaustion. Evidently, that the score of “Metastasis” look likethe scheme of a metal skeleton of buildings which were projected by Xenakis: Isolation by nature (controllable interaction). Xenakis went further Corbusier and has suggested to refuse gardens at habitation designing, because this could help to protect the nature from irresponsible people invasion. The composer-architect believed that will be possible to supervise and stop mafic intrusions of people into the nature and planetary space, thanks to creation of the cities-buildings provoking the more compactness of people movements. Thus, the comfort of townsmen to be reached by possibility to breathe fresh air and to admire the nature through transparent walls, without interfering with its life. The flexible material. Light projections: Xenakis denies concrete completely, desiring as much as possible to use a space from the point of view of its economical and convenient layout, illumination, functionality. These are pellicles in space with a width of one hundred or one hundred and fifty meters, VPE and transparent, which would insure ventilation and visibility, light, etc. Designed in 1977 slide top of so represents a skeleton covered with a red elastic material. At creation of the monastery of la Tourette (1953-1960?.) Le Corbusier with help of Xenakis has embodied the idea formulated still 1922?.: “light and a shade show the form”5 having designed internal space of the main part of a monastery as a original black box.